Петрова Наталья Олеговна,
учитель английского языка
МАОУ «СОШ №6 с углубленным изучением иностранных языков» г. Северодвинск
Методические материалы для проведения урока краеведческой направленности по теме: «Известные люди Севера: С.Г. Писахов»
Учащиеся 8-9 класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка
Задания разработаны на основе текста из сборника Региональный компонент государственного стандарта общего образования Архангельской области/Иностранный язык – Департамент образования и науки Архангельской области, 2006
МАОУ «Средняя общеобразовательная школа № 6 с углубленным изучением иностранных языков» город Северодвинск, Архангельская область
Цель: формирование коммуникативной компетенции
социокультурный аспект: знакомство с фактами биографии и особенностями творчества известного северного писателя С.Г. Писахова;
развивающий аспект: развитие языковой догадки;
развитие умения устанавливать структурно-смысловые связи текста;
развитие способности к выбору средств выражения адекватных речевой ситуации, к логическому изложению материала; развитие коммуникабельности;
воспитательный аспект: воспитание чуткого, бережного отношения к фактам истории и культуры родного края; формирование потребности и стремления расширять свой кругозор;
учебный аспект: совершенствование навыков чтения с целью извлечения общей и детальной информации, навыков устной монологической речи
FAMOUS PEOPLE OF THE NORTH: S.G. PISAKHOV
Task 1 a) Try to guess what these words mean
Epics, folklore, folklorist, aesthetic, tsarism, manner, ethnographer, prototype
b) Look these words up in your dictionaries
to preserve, to expel, to deprive, torture, capacity, to instill
Task 2 Read the text and fill in the missing sentences
a) In his own way Senya is very much like the famous baron Münchhausen.
b) It was at that time that he understood he could not live without the North.
c) Pisakhov studied the lifestyles, customs and traditions of the Pomors, absorbed and admired their spirit and manner of speaking.
d) The parents instilled in the boy love for folklore, developed his artistic taste and aesthetic inclinations.
Stepan Grigorievich Pisakhov, the famous Northern writer of fairy-tales, was born in Arkhangelsk in 1879. His father was a jeweler, a man of remarkable artistic taste, his mother and grandmother who came from Pinega area knew a lot of folk tales and epics. 1) _____________________.
On finishing the Arkhangelsk town school in 1901 Pisakhov entered an art school in St. Petersburg. However in 1905 for the participation in a meeting against tsarism he was expelled from the school and deprived of the right to get further education in Russia.
For two years young Pisakhov travelled around the world. He visited Greece, Egypt, and Palestine, studied in Rome and Paris. 2) _______________. Pisakhov wrote in one of his letters that it was a torture for him to live through the winters without snow.
On returning to Russia Pisakhov did not lose passion for travelling. But now he travelled only around the Russian North, both on his own and as a member of arctic expeditions in the capacity of a painter, ethnographer and folklorist. 3) ___________.
No wonder, the people and nature of the North became the main theme of his creative work.
Pisakhov first became known as a painter. He took part in several exhibitions in Moscow and Petersburg and was awarded prizes for his creations. For many years he also worked as a teacher of drawing in School №3 in Arkhangelsk.
But real fame came when Stepan Grigorievich started writing fairy-tales. For years he performed his fairy-tales orally. The first one appeared in print in 1924 and only 14 years later (1938) the first collection of his literary fairy-tales was published.
Pisakhov’s fairy-tales are strikingly original. No one else writes in this colourful northern manner, preserving the peculiarities of Pomors’s speech.
Most of the tales are written in the person of Senya Malina, whose prototype was a real peasant from the village of Uyma. Senya symbolizes courage, wit and cunning of the Pomor people. He can do anything – catch winds, stretch himself 18 miles, etc. 4) _________________. Notably
Pisakhov entitled his early fairy-tales “The Northern Münchhausen or Münchhausen from the village of Uyma”.
“Lying” or rather exaggeration is Pisakhov’s favourite literary device. He proceeds from a real fact or detail and through exaggeration develops it into a cock-and-bull story. In any case all Pisakhov’s tales are full of love for the North and its peole. The well-known Russian writer L. Leonov wrote to S.G. Pisakhov, “I cannot imagine the North without you”. Many of us could sign to these words. (Региональный компонент государственного стандарта общего образования Архангельской области/Иностранный язык – Департамент образования и науки Архангельской области, 2006).
Task 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions:
1) Who is S.G.Pisakhov?
2) When and where was he born?
3) Why was he expelled from the art school in St. Petersburg?
4) What countries did he visit while travelling around the world?
5) What was the main theme of his literary works?
6) When was his first collection of fairy-tales published?
7) What is Pisakhov’s favourite literary device?
Task 4 Read the text gain and complete the table